Houston Baptist University
School of Education
Modified Lesson Plan - ESL


 Subject: Science                                   Grade Level: 1st           Time Estimate: 30-45 min

 Unit: Changes in Matter                                                Topic: Changes in States of Matter

Goal(s): TLW know the different properties of matter, including solid, liquid, and gas.

TLW know and understand how to use their five senses.

TLW know how to conduct reasonable explanations and conclusions.


TLW make observations and predictions about items based of the properties of matter.

TLW create a solid, using flour, water, and milk.

TLW make reasonable predictions about what will happen when a colored powered is added to matter.

TLW differentiate between the different types of matter. 

TEKS: 1.1A, 1.2A, 1.5A, 1.5B, 1.5D

Materials/Resources/Technology needs: Note cards, Styrofoam bowls, Flour, Salt, Water, Kool-aid

 Instructional Procedures

Focusing Event: The students will make vocab cards to help them study for the test. One side will say liquid, and have a picture of a liquid, and one side will say solid, and will have a picture of a solid. ESL students will be provided with cards that have the English and Spanish words already written for them. When they are done, a few students can show the class what they drew.

 Teaching/ Learning Procedures:

The students will be put into groups of four, and given salt, water, flour, and Kool-aid, all unlabeled. The teacher will tell the students to look at each item, touch it, and smell it. ESL students will be paired with a bilingual student to assist them with English vocabulary. From this the students will decide whether each item is a solid, liquid, or gas. The teacher will then initiate a class discussion about what we think these items are, and what we think we are going to do with them.

 Formative Check (ongoing or specific):

The students will then be instructed to measure out each item, and combine the salt, flour, and water. ESL students will be pair with a bilingual student to assist with comprehension of directions given in English. The teacher will ask the students “what is the Kool-aid going to be used for?” The students will record predictions of what they think it will look like after the Kool-aid is added. After the students add the Kool-aid, the groups will divide their clay equally among each group member. The students then can create any form they want, give it a name, and come up with a story about their new solid.

 Reteach (alternative used as needed):

The students will go around the room and find two examples of a solid, liquid, and gas. It can be an actual object or a picture. The students will draw their objects and share with the class.


The students will present their new solids to the class, and tell us about them.

 Assessment/Summative Evaluation:

This project will be assessed on the basis of whether the students measured correctly, identified the items correctly, and followed directions.



Make sure all of the students know how to measure the items. GT students will write out their story. ELL students will be provided with various language acquisition accommodations. Special needs students will be assisted with the measuring and mixing of their items.